Synonyms--- Saw Palmetto, Sabal, Sabal serrulatum,Serenoa serrulatum
Oleic acid (A kind of Saw Palmetto fatty acid, a mono-unsaturated
omega-9 fatty acid)
Chemical Name: (9Z)-Octadecenoic acid, (Z)-Octadec-9-enoic acid,
cis-9-Octadecenoic acid, cis-9-Octadecenoic acid, 18:1 cis-9
Molecular Formula: C18H34O2
Mol. Wt.: 282.4614
Serenoa repens, the saw palmetto, is the sole species currently classified in the genus Serenoa. It has been known by a number of synonyms, including Sabal
serrulatum, under which name it still often appears in alternative
medicine. It is a small palm, normally reaching a height of around
24 m (36 ft). Its trunk is sprawling, and it grows in clumps or
dense thickets in sandy coastal lands or as undergrowth in pine
woods or hardwood hammocks. It is endemic to the southeastern
United States, most commonly along the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal
plains, but also as far inland as southern Arkansas. It is a hearty
plant; extremely slow growing, and long lived, with some plants,
especially in Florida, possibly being as old as 500-700 years.
Saw palmetto fruit (berry) is a large reddish-black drupe and is an
important food source for wildlife and historically for humans. It
contains constituents such as fatty acids, steroidal saponins,
phytosterols, volatile oil, resin, tannins. Saw Palmetto berries
contain an oil with a variety of fatty acids and phytosterols.
These fatty acids include capric, caprylic, caproic, lauric,
palmitic, and oleic acid and their ethyl esters. The major
phytosterols are beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, cycloartenol,
stigmasterol, cycloartenol, lupeol, lupenone, and
The fruits of the saw palmetto are highly enriched with fatty acids
and phytosterols, which were used traditionally as a general tonic
to nourish the body and encourage appetite and normal weight gain.
The berries were also used in the treatment of genito-urinary tract
problems including enuresis, nocturia, and urinary tract disorders.
And it was used for remedy for atrophy of the testes, impotence,
inflammation of the prostate, and low libido in men. And it was
used as a tonic and expectorant for mucous membranes, particularly
the bronchial passages. Recent clinical trials have shown that saw
palmetto berries are helpful in the treatment of benign prostatic
The fat soluble Saw palmetto berry Extract has been shown to
inhibit the conversion of testosterone (DHT) which is thought to be
responsible for the enlargement of the prostate. In addition saw
palmetto extract inhibits the binding of DHT to receptors thus
blocking DHT's action and promoting the breakdown of the potent
The Saw Palmetto Extract used in dietary supplements is derived
from the fruits of the plant Serenoa repens.
Treat urinary tract infections
Prevent and relieve symptoms of prostate enlargement (benign
Calm the irritated and overactive bladder occasionally associated
Reduce hormonal damage to prostate cells, possibly reducing the
future risk of developing prostate cancer.